What are the impacts of overpronation of the foot?

Please Share

The way in which the foot functions or works can have a considerable impact on the rest of the body. The feet are generally regarded as the foundation of the body and just like the tall building analogy, if that foundation is not right, then something might go wrong higher up. There are many different types of biomechanical problems that can impact that foundation and how the foot interacts with the ground. That connection will have numerous impacts higher up the body.

One of the issues that can go wrong is something that is commonly termed “overpronation”. This word is often used and misused, so probably should be avoided. The phrase refers to the feet moving inwards at the ankle joint as well as the arch of the foot flattening. This is quite a normal movement and is only a problem if there to too much of it. The reason why the word is such an issue is that there is no consensus about what is too much and what is normal. This can lead to lots of uncertainty in research as well as in clinical practice, especially when decisions have to be made if the overpronation needs to be taken care of or not.

The impact that this issue of overpronation may have on the body are alleged to vary from bunions and plantar fasciitis in the foot to leg and knee conditions in runners. There are various methods to treat it, again with a lot of difference of opinion among medical experts as to the best way to manage it. Pragmatically the treatment of the overpronation ought to be directed at the cause and there is no such thing as a one size fits all. When the condition is due to tight calf muscles, then stretching out of those muscles would be the rational approach. When the problem is the control of muscles at the hip, then the therapy ought to be geared towards that. If the condition is due to weak foot muscles, then that is the best place to start the rehab with exercises. When the problem is due to a bony alignment issue in the foot, then foot supports tend to be prescribed.

Leave a Reply