Why Is Child Immunization Important?

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Immunisation is an easy and effective way to protect children from serious illnesses. Immunization not only protects individuals but also protects the wider community by reducing the spread of disease. Vaccines activate the immune system to fight certain diseases. These diseases can be prevented or reduced by a person who has been vaccinated.

Kids vaccination protects against serious childhood diseases like Pertussis (whooping cough), measles, meningococcal C, pneumococcal disease, hepatitis etc. These diseases can lead to hospitalisations, severe ongoing health conditions and sometimes even death. Many of these diseases are now rare due to high immunization rates. 

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They are still common, and there is a greater risk of complications or side-effects from these diseases than the small risks associated with vaccination. According to the National Immunisation Program Schedule, certain vaccines should be administered at specific times. All Australian children can receive these vaccines free of cost. 

Two months before birth, four months, six month, twelve months, 18 and 24 months are the recommended age for childhood immunizations. Three years, six months, twelve months, 18 and 24 months can be given. The most current schedule information can be obtained by speaking to your immunisation provider or visiting vaccination centers.

A school-based program offers recommended vaccines to students in Years 8 and 10. Infected by a microbe, such as a virus, bacterium or parasite, the body stimulates the production and maintenance of immune cells. Some immune cells "remember" microbes after a recovery process. This is known as immunological memory. 

The immune system will recognize the microbe the next time it is encountered. The body's defense against the disease is stronger and faster, and can help prevent an individual from falling ill. This is a naturally acquired immune system.


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